The topographic map of Pittsfield and surrounding areas reveals that topography is not a limitation for development in the region. Except for a few localized areas, the grade in Pittsfield and the surrounding area is well within the acceptable standards of 15% (The Subdivision and Site Planning Handbook by David Listokin and Carole Walker, 1989).
The parent material of the soil in and around Pittsfield is mainly thick loess with a depth of more than 60 inches. Soil maps obtained from the Illinois State Geological Survey (http://www.isgs.uiuc.edu) show that the soil in this region is the ‘Light and moderately dark (forest)’ type made up of association of Fayette, Rozetta and Stronghurst. The soil in the Pittsfield region is very fertile; this is reflected in the largely farm based economy of the county.
Vegetation and Wildlife
Unlike most of Illinois, Pike County abounds in rolling hills, hardwood forests, and streams making it prime hunting country. A public conservation area and some private hunting preserves are located near Pittsfield in Pike County. White tail deer are abundant in the woods. Wild turkey, wild goose, duck and pheasant hunting is also available. Hunting and camping are among the major tourist attractions in the area around Pittsfield.