Table 2.2 shows the racial composition of the population in the city. In the year 2000, more than 99% of the population was white of non-hispanic origin. The notable lack of diversity is typical of rural Illinois.
|Table 2.2: Population By Race/Hispanic Origin|
|Black or African American alone||9||0.2%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||8||0.2%|
|Two or more races||27||0.6%|
|Hispanic or Latino||26||0.6%|
|Source: 2000 Census SF1|
Table 2.3 shows the different household types in Pittsfield in 2000. Households are divided into family and non-family households. Family households are comprised of related people living together in a housing unit. A non-family household is a housing unit with unrelated persons living together or a person who lives alone.
|Table 2.3: Households by Type 1990 and 2000|
|Family households (families)||1,164||63.6%||1,126||62.4%|
|Male householder, no wife present||33||1.8%||34||1.9%|
|Female householder, no husband present||139||7.6%||144||8.0%|
|Householder living alone||623||34.1%||630||34.9%|
|Householder 65 years and over||411||22.5%||390||21.6%|
|Persons living in households||4,115||4,012|
|Persons per household||2.25||2.22|
|Source: 1990 and 2000 Census, Bureau of the Census|
Between 1990 and 2000 the number of households decreased slightly from 1,829 to 1,805. However the composition of households changed in more significant ways that are consistent with state and national trends. One of the most common trends in places with an aging population is an increase in nonfamily households. This occurs because of changing family structures. In 2000 the number of persons 65 and over living alone outnumbered married couple families with children. One third of all households are one person living alone. Only one out of five households is a traditional married couple family with related children.